Officer Study Guide (4/22)


Officer Study Guide

Drill and Ceremony:


1.What does military drill teach cadets?


   •Discipline, personal pride, self confidence, unit pride, team work, and organization.


2. What is considered the backbone of military discipline?


  • Drill and Ceremony


3.What are the three methods of instruction used to teach drill to cadets?


   •Step-by-step, talk-through, and by-the-numbers.


4.What are supplementary commands?


   •commands given to a subordinate leader that reinforce and echo a commander's order 


5. What actions do you take if you are outdoors in uniform and you hear the national anthem ? 


 •You face the flag or the music if the flag is not visible, stand at attention, and render the hand salute from the first note to the last


6. For a platoon to function effectively and efficiently, what must leaders do?


  •Clearly understand their duties and responsibilities and know exactly what is expected of them.


7. What foot is the command “counter column march” given on?


  •Left foot


8. What foot is the command “rear march” given on?


  •Right foot


9. When conducting rifle drill what command is given when you want a cadet to move their rifle to their right shoulder?


  •Right shoulder, Arms


10. What is the definition of a military cadence?


  •A chant or song vocalized during marching or parades


11. What side of the platoon does the platoon leader stand when in formation?


  •Centered on the left side


12. Which squad leader sets the pace the spacing for the rest of the platoon


  •1st squad leader




1.What are the 11 principles of leadership?


• 1. Know yourself and seek self-improvement.

  2. Be technically and tactically proficient.

  3. Know your subordinates and look out for their welfare.

  4. Keep your subordinates informed.

  5. Set the example.

  6. Ensure the task is understood, supervised, and accomplished.

  7. Train your subordinates as a team.

  8. Make sound and timely decisions.

  9. Develop a sense of responsibility among your subordinates.

  10. Employ your command in accordance with its capabilities.

  11. Seek responsibility and take responsibility for your actions.


2.What are the 5 things that a leader should know?


•Yourself, standards, human nature, your job, and your unit.


3.What is developmental counseling?


•Developmental counseling for subinates to achieve individual and organizational goals


4.What is empathy?


•The action of being understanding of and sensitive to the feelings, thoughts, and experiences of another person.


5.What are the seven steps in the problem-solving / decision-making process?


•1. Identify the problem.

 2. Gather information.

 3. Develop solutions.

 4. Analyze and compare the solutions.

 5. Make a decision, select the best solution

 6. Make a plan.

 7. Implement the plan.


6.What are the fourteen traits of a leader?


•Bearing, courage, decisiveness, dependability, endurance, enthusiasm, initiative, integrity,         judgment, justice, knowledge loyalty, selflessness, tact


7.What are the seven communication skills?


•Reading, writing, speaking, thinking, studying, remembering, and listening.


8.What are the four parts of a person's self?


•Self-image, the ideal-self, the looking-glass self, and the real self.


9.Describe the leadership principles "be, know, do."


•Be a leader of character, Know your job and duties, and Do what is right to achieved excellence 


10.To show loyalty, what must a leader do?


•Respect the us constitution and its law demonstrate devotion and faithfulness to your family    friends and peers 


Planning and Organization:


1. What 3 things compose an AAR?




2.What is the S.M.A.R.T. Goal System composed of?


  • Specific- make goals narrow and to the point, Measurable- define what proves you’re making process, Attainable- make it reasonable, Relevant- Should be in line with long term objectives and JROTC values,Time-Based- a realistic deadline to be met


3.What are the 5 things to consider in an OPORD?


•Situation,Mission,Execution,Service Support,Command & Signal


ZA4.What should a checklist Have on it?


•Materials needed for a operation & the personnel needed


5. What should you do directly before and after a operation is started/ after it ended


•Pre-OPS & a Post-OPS checklist/brief


6. When Planning for PT, where is one resource PLs&PSGs can use?

•It’s located in the Colonel BTLN drive under PL&PSG Tools 


7.When will you use a OPORD

  • Before every operation to brief to subordinates


First Aid:


1.What are the symptoms of an individual in shock?


•Sweaty but cool skin, paleness and restlessness, nervousness and thirst, thirst and confusion,  rapid breathing and bluish skin, vomiting or nausea; fainting.


2.First aid treatment for cuts consists of two elements. What are they?


•Stopping the flow of blood; preventing infection.


3.What are the four symptoms of a fractured or broken bone?


•Swelling, discoloration, unusual angles of the limb, or bones sticking through the skin.


4.When positioning the body of a shock victim, where should the victim's feet generally be  placed?


•Elevate the feet higher than the heart, unless the victim has an abdominal wound or non-splinted leg fracture.


5.What are the four life-saving steps?


•Restore the breathing and heartbeat, stop the bleeding, dress the wound, or treat for shock


6.What are visceral organs?


•Internal organs of the body such as the heart, liver, and intestines.


7.What are the symptoms of a heat stroke?


•Hot and dry skin, headaches and dizziness, confusion and weakness, loss of consciousness and possible seizures; nausea, pulse, and respirations - weak and rapid.


8.What are three ways to stop bleeding?


•Direct pressure on a wound, pressure points, or a tourniquet.


9.What is the difference between a simple and compound fracture?


•A compound fracture protrudes through the skin, a simple fracture does not.


10.What is the name of the artery located in the groove of the neck next to the Adam's apple?


•Carotid artery.


11. What law protects rescuers from lawsuits when helping someone who needs medical attention?


The good samaritan law


12. What is the last resort to stop bleeding?


A tourniquet


13. What is a neurotoxin?


A type of venom that damages the nervous system


14. If someone has ingested or has been exposed to poison, what is the first step?


Contact poison control center


15. If someone is having an allergic reaction, what should you do?


Inject epinephrine (EpiPen), and call 911


Physical Training 


1.What are the movement commands for PRT?


•”Platoon fall in”, “extended to the left march”, “arms downward move”, “left face”,

 “extended to the left march”, “arms downward move ”, “right face”,

“from front to rear count off”, “even numbers uncover” Then begin the exercise commands


2. What are the 3 main areas PT is led?


•The foyer, The obstacle course, the track


3.What is the best way to motivate cadets to do PT?


•Participating as it allows cadets to see the example and follow it. 


4.What are common tools available for exercise routines?


•The Dice of Exercise, The cards, The track, The supplies at the bottom of the supply locker, and the booklet.


5.What are the prt exercises in order from first to last?


•The bend and reach, The rear lunge, The high jumper, The rower, The squat bender, The windmill, The forward lunge, The prone row, The bent-leg body twist, The push-up




1.What president signed the Civil Rights Act of 1964?


•President Lyndon B. Johnson.


2.What date was the Preamble finished?


•September 12th, 1787.


3.Which amendment prevents states from prohibiting any citizen from voting because of "race, color, or previous condition of servitude"?


•The 15th Amendment.


4.What is the Wars Power Act?


•A law that requires the president to notify Congress within 48 hours of ordering troops abroad.


5.In what year was the Bill of Rights added to the Constitution?




6. What was the governmental document the United States used before the Constitution was adopted?


The Articles of Confederation


7. What is the introductory paragraph of the Constitution called?


The preamble


8. What amendment was the first and only amendment to be repealed from the Constitution?


The eighteenth amendment (probation)


9. What were “Jim Crow Laws?”


Laws that enforced segregation


10. What are enumerated powers?


Powers that are explicitly stated in the Constitution


11. What is the Bill of Rights?


The first ten amendments to the constitution


12. What amendment gave women the right to vote?




13. What is naturalization?


When someone who is not a citizen goes through the process of becoming a citizen


14. Who makes up congress?


The Senate and the house of Representatives


15. What act established the Supreme Court?


The Judiciary Act


Uniform and Appearance:


1.What is the location of the Distinguished Unit Insignia for the male and female uniform?


•Male - centered on the pocket   Female - three inches below the nametag


2.Where are the torches located on an enlisted female uniform?


•Five - eighths of an inch above the notch of the lapel; the torch aligned with the angel of the lapel.


3.Where are the ribbons located on an enlisted male uniform?


•One - eighth of an inch above the left breast pocket.


4.Where are the ROTC insignia located on an officer male uniform?


•Five - eighths of an inch above the notch on both collars; the centerline parallel to the inside edge of the lapel.


5.What insignia do cadet officers wear on the beret?


•Rank or grade insignia


6.What are the hair regulations for male cadets in uniform?


•The hair will be neatly groomed so as not to present a ragged or unkempt appearance. The length and bulk of the hair will not interfere with the normal wear of the uniform.


7.How should arcs be worn on the female uniform?


•Parallel to the waistline of the coat with one - eighth of an inch between each arc. Placement may be adjusted to individual figure differences.


General Knowledge:


1.Who developed the combination of military studies and regular classes?


•Captain Alden Partridge.


2.When did JROTC begin?




3.What is the purpose of a lesson plan?


•Organize thoughts and knowledge.


4.How far apart are the parallel lines in a shuttle run?


•30 feet apart.


5.Who is the senior NCO who serves as the adviser to the Battalion Commander?


•The Command Sergeant Major (CSM.)