SGT-SSG Study Guide (4/22)

SGT-SSG Study Guide


Drill and Ceremony:


1. What are the four rest positions?


  • Parade rest, rest, Stand at ease, and At ease.


2. How many inches is the Quick time, Half step, and Side step march?


  • Quick time– 30 inches

  • Half step and Side step– 15 inches


3. A hand salute to another individual is initiated by whom?


  • The subordinate individual.


4. During the command “Rear, March,” the command of execution is given on which foot?


  • The right foot.


5. What is the correct command to move around an obstacle in the line of march?


  • “Incline around.”


6. When at parade rest, how far apart should your feet be?


  • Roughly 10 inches.


7. During the command “Dress right, Dress,” which part of your body will be touching the cadet to your left?


  • Your fingertips.


8. What is the correct movement for any of the four designated squads in a platoon under the command “Close ranks, March”?


  • 1st squad– two 30-inch steps 

  • 2nd squad– one 30-inch step

  • 3rd squad– stand fast

  • 4th squad– two 15-inch steps to the rear


9. What is the correct command to bring your unit or squad from “Dress Right, Dress” to the position of attention?


  • “Ready, Front.”


10. In what direction during the command of “Fall, Out” do members of a squad turn?


  • Take a step back and then execute a right face


11. What is the correct command for a squad leader to give in forming his or her squad?


  • “Fall in”


12. When should you call “Route Step, March!”


  •  When marching on uneven terrain




1. Define the term “leadership”


  • The process of influencing others to accomplish the mission by providing purpose, direction, and motivation


2. What are the four elements of professional army ethics?


  • Loyalty, Duty, Selfless Service, and Integrity


3. What are the three things a leader should do?


  • Provide purpose, direction, and motivation


4. What are the three leadership styles?


  • Directing, participating, and delegating 


5. What are the four individual values of a leader? (The four ‘C’s of leadership)


  • Courage, candor, commitment, and competence


6. Define the phrase “esprit de corps”


  • The common spirit and feeling of pride found in members of a group


7. What are the four followerships?


  • Competence, dedication, professionalism, and self-discipline


8. Define the term “delegate”


  • The notion of giving another person the authority to represent or act for another


9. What is “moral courage”


  • The notion of standing up for your values, moral principles, and convictions


10. Who do you inform if one of your squad members doesn't have all of their required uniforms      items?


  •  Platoon Leader/Sergeant


Responsibilities of SL:


  • Account for personnel

  • Assign battle buddies

  • Track squad members training status

  • Ensure sm’s have required uniforms issued

  • Encourage members to memorize the Cadet Creed


1. What is the command to extend a platoon formation so that squad members have enough room to safely conduct PRT?


  •  Extend to the Left March


2. What is the command to direct the platoon to transition from an extended rectangular formation to a standard rectangular formation?


  •  Close ranks march


3. When a platoon leader calls the command “ File from the right, column right, march!” what do the squad leaders say?


  • 1st- Column right, march

  • Remaining squads- Stand fast until the squad in front of them has left


First Aid:


1. How do you inform medical personnel that you have applied a tourniquet to an injured victim?


  • By marking a ‘T’ on the victim’s forehead


2. How do you control bleeding from facial wounds?


  • Use a pressure dressing


3. In what position do you splint a broken leg or arm?


  • In the position you find it in


4. Where should splints be tied?


  • Above and below the break but never directly over the break; the knots should be away from the skin


5. For exceptionally overweight or pregnant women, where should you place your fist during the Heimlich Maneuver?


  • In the middle of the breast bone


6. What is the primary focus to treat a patient with a neck injury?


  • Immobilize the casualty


7. What are the three types of burns?


  • Heat, electrical, and chemical


8. How long should you boil water to disinfect it?


  • Ten to fifteen minutes


Map Reading:


1. What are the three types of contour lines found on a map?


  • Index, intermediate, and supplementary


2. How close will a four, six, and eight digit grip get you from a point?


  • Four - 1000 meters

  • Six - 100 meters

  • Eight - 10 meters


3.  What direction do the tick marks on contour lines face to indicate a depression?


  • Towards lower elevation (inwards)


4.  Where is the sheet number of a topographic map located?


  • In the upper right margin


5. What are the contour lines that fall between index contour lines?


  • Intermediate lines


6. What are benchmarks?


  • Locations where elevation and horizontal positions have been surveyed as accurately as possible


7. How are benchmarks symbolized on a topographic map?


  • With a black ‘X’


8. Contour lines that show an hourglass or a figure-eight shape identify what terrain feature?


  • Saddle


9. What are the three most common types of maps?


  • City or state road maps, topographic maps, and geographic maps


10. Define “Topographical Map”


  • A line drawing, to scale, of a portion of the earth’s surface as seen from above.


11. What is the G-M angle of a topographical map?


  • The difference between grid and magnetic north


Flags and Guidons:


  1. What does the flag being positioned at half-staff indicate?


  • A sign of mourning


  1. What is the proper way to dispose of a torn or worn flag


  • Burning


  1. What does flying the U.S. flag upside down indicate?


  • Distress


  1. What is required to display an all-weather flag at all times?


  • It should be illuminated at night.


  1. Who made the first U.S. flag?


  • Betsy Ross




1. What 1920 amendment gave women the right to vote?


  •  Nineteenth


2. What is known as the right to hold meetings, parades, and public demonstrations for political or social causes?


  •  Freedom of assembly


3. Freedom of religion is guaranteed under which amendment?


  •  First


4. What are the three branches of government?


  •  Executive, Legislative, and judicial.


5. What do we call a government of the people, by the people, for the people?


  •  Democracy.


Uniform and Appearance:


  1. What is a gig line?


  • The seam of the shirt aligned with the seam of the fly of the trousers


  1. Where is the rank on the enlisted uniform worn?


  • Centered 5\8ths of an inch from the seam of the shoulder


  1. When wearing less than 6 arcs how many rows should there be?


  • 1 row


  1. If there is something you do not know about the uniform where can you find this information?


  • Cadet Reference Guide 


  1. How should the beret be properly worn


  • The Insignia is worn over the left eye with the beret being parallel to the marching surface


  1. What is the cadet class B uniform?






General Knowledge:


1. What does JROTC stand for?


  •  Junior Reserves Officer Training Corp


2. What are the three parts of an exercise program?


  •  Warm-up, Conditioning, and cool-downs


3. What are the two major categories or rank and grade for cadets and military personnel


  •  Officer and Enlisted


4. What is the key to success in JROTC


  •  Teamwork


5. What war was fought in the 1960s-1970s?


  •  Vietnam


6. Who were the two enemies of the U.S. and its allies during WWll?


  •  Germany and Japan


7.  Who did the U.S. have an on-going political rivalry with from 1962-1979?


  •  The USSR